There are various ways for management to quantify pollution of the
environment and to assess the loss of product, raw materials or wastes to the
water stream. Some methods have more merit than others do, while some are more
costly than others and in general produce results of varying value.
The application of a Water and Salt balance through an entire plant or just through one section of a plant or process is one of these methods that will produce a better than average return on your investment, provided it is done correctly.
normal circumstances, when determining water balances, one tends to only refer
to the hydraulic balance, i.e. the accounting of all the in- and output volumes
entering and leaving a system. Opposed to this, a water and salt balance uses the hydraulic balance, but then also accounts
for the dissolved solids carried in the water streams. In other words, a water
and salt balance can be seen as a means of accounting for all the products
carried in a system where the one value can be used to verify the accuracy of
the other. A Water and Salt balance
can best be described as a management tool, which assists the user in
determining not only the concentration of dissolved solids in a body of water,
but also more importantly, to determine the mass of salts carried in a dynamic
system. Such a system can be river or a network of pipes, tanks and channels
such as encountered in a metallurgical plant or at a mineshaft, or, for that
matter, any other type of industry that uses water in its process.
Due to the fact that the greater part of South Africa, especially the industrialised areas, receives a rainfall well below the world average, South Africa is classified as a semi-arid country. We here in South Africa have a greater problem with salination (salting) of our river systems than many other countries, especially during the dry winter months when all, but a few rivers cease to flow. Salts and other eutrophic substances are continuously added to the rivers through various effluent streams or just through storm-water run-off or other diffuse pollution sources.
water legislation has recently been amended to take this into account and the
focus has now been shifted from a simple and uniform concentration-based water
quality limit for effluent streams to an in-stream water quality objective. In
the latter case each individual stream is evaluated and the safe mass of salt
load it can assimilate is calculated, taking all factors (including the
environment) into account.
therefore become essential that any industry which discharges water into a
stream, be it water pumped from a mine, sewage effluent or any other industrial
effluent or storm-water run-off, calculate the mass of salts added to this
stream. This is done by measuring the flows of various streams inside the
industry and couples these to chemical analyses results of these streams. In all
but the simplest of cases, these calculations can become extremely complicated.
AED has therefore developed a computer software model that automates all these
calculations. This program includes a database where all relevant data is stored
and managed and calculates the water and salt balances over any process in your
industry. Depending on your needs, it can even automatically compile and print a
month-end report indicating areas where you have been wasting water or where you
may have been wasting raw products. More importantly, it will tell you exactly
to what extent your operation is impacting on the river system.
Apart from being extremely accurate, the second most important aspect of our software products is their user-friendliness. Many other developers of technical modelling programs often overlook this aspect. You only require a very basic knowledge of computer operation to understand our products.For detailed information on this product and how we can customise our product to suit your needs, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.